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Please send us any other references on business rules that you have found useful.

Books & White Papers
  • Roger T. Burlton. What Not How:  Business Process Management:  Profiting from Success, Sams Publishing, 2001.

  • C.J. Date. What Not How:  The Business Rule Approach to Application Development, Addison-Wesley, 2000.

  • C.J. Date, H. Darwen. Foundations for Future Database Systems:  The Third Manifesto (2nd ed.), Addison-Wesley, 2000.

  • Ellen Gottesdiener. Requirements by Collaboration:  Workshops for Defining Needs, Addison-Wesley, 2002.

  • Terry Halpin. Information Modeling and Relational Databases, Morgan Kaufmann, 2001.

  • Terry Halpin. Conceptual Schema & Relational Database Design (Second Edition), Sydney:Prentice Hall Australia, 1995.

  • David C. Hay, Barbara von Halle. Requirements Analysis:  From Business Views to Architecture, Prentice Hall, 2002.

  • Tony Morgan. Business Rules and Information Systems ~ Aligning IT with Business Goals, Addison-Wesley, 2002.

  • Carol O'Rourke, Neal Fishman, Warren Selkow. Enterprise Architecture ~ Using the Zachman Framework, Thomson, 2003.

  • Ronald G. Ross. Principles of the Business Rule Approach, Addison-Wesley, 2003. Available from Business Rule Solutions, LLC.

  • Ronald G. Ross. The Business Rule Book:  Classifying, Defining and Modeling Rules (Second Edition), Business Rule Solutions, LLC, 1997.

  • Ronald G. Ross. Business Rule Concepts ~ Getting to the Point of Knowledge (3rd Edition), Business Rule Solutions, LLC, 2009.

  • Ronald G. Ross. Decision Analysis Using Decision Tables and Business Rules, Business Rule Solutions, LLC, 2010.

  • Barbara von Halle. Business Rules Applied:  Building Better Systems Using the Business Rule Approach, Wiley Computer Publishing, 2002.

  • Barbara von Halle & Larry Goldberg. The Decision Model: A Business Logic Framework Linking Business and Technology, Auerbach Publishing, 2009.

  • Jos B. Warmer, Anneke G. Kleppe. The Object Constraint Language, Addison-Wesley, 1999.

  • John A. Zachman. The Zachman Framework:  A Primer for Enterprise Engineering and Manufacturing, electronic book, available at, 2003.

Articles and Publications
  • Keri Anderson Healy, "A Framework for Business Rules," Data Base Newsletter, vol. 25, n. 5, 1997.

  • Editors of, "A Brief History of the Business Rule Approach, 2nd ed. " Business Rules Journal, Vol. 7, No. 11 (November 2006).  Available online from

  • Ellen Gottesdiener, "Business Rules Show Power and Promise," Application Programming Trends, vol. 4, n. 3, March 1997.

  • John Hall, "Motivation-driven Models of Business Activity," GUIDE International Conference Proceedings, New Orleans, LA, USA, Nov. 1997.

  • David Hay, a collection of business-rule-related articles, published by Essential Strategies, Inc.

  • Terry Halpin, a collection of articles on Object Role Modeling (ORM), including the ORM approach to capturing business rules in this style of model, at

  • Gladys S.W. Lam, "Policy Charter as a Deliverable," DataToKnowledge Newsletter, May/June, 1998.  Available online from

  • Terry Moriarty, "The Next Paradigm," Database Programming and Design, vol. 6, n. 2, pp. 66-69, Feb. 1993.  Available online from

  • Terry Moriarty, "Business Rule Analysis," Database Programming and Design, vol. 6, n. 4, Apr. 1993.  Available online from

  • Terry Moriarty, "Understanding Behavior through Business Rules," Data Base Newsletter, Nov. 1997.  Available online from

  • David Plotkin, "Business Rules Everywhere," Intelligent Enterprise, March 9, 1999, pp. 37-44.  Available online from

  • Kristen Seer, "How to Develop Effective Business Analysts," Business Rules Journal, Vol. 3, No. 5 (May 2002).  Available online from

  • Kristen Seer, "The Role of Rule Analyst," Business Rules Journal, Vol. 6, No. 11 (Nov. 2005).  Available online from

  • Dennis L. Struck and Mary Jane Willshire, "Potential Temporal Business Rule Benefits," GUIDE International Conference Proceedings, Seattle, WA, USA, April 1997.

  • Dennis L. Struck. "Business Rule Continuous Requirements Environment." Colorado Technical University, Computer Science Department, D.C.S. Thesis, May, 1999.

  • Barbara von Halle, "Back to Business Rule Basics," Database Programming & Design, October 1994, pp. 15-18.

  • John A. Zachman, "A Framework for Information Systems Architecture," IBM Systems Journal, Vol. 26, No. 3, 1987.

Independent Surveys and Other Resources
  • Data Governance BLOG,

  • Gartner report, The Business Rule Engine 2003 Magic Quadrant, Markets, M-19-4791, J. Sinur, Research Note 2003.

  • Gartner report, Rules and Fusion Are Inseparable Partners in Process Agility, COM-18-3563, J. Sinur. Research Note 2003 Report on the BMP and business rules.

  • Gartner report, Architecting Agility With Business Rules, COM-19-9972, J. Sinur, Research Note 2003.

  • Giga Market Overview 2003:  Rules Platforms - Standing at the Threshold of Mainstream IT, John R. Rymer. December 8, 2003.

  • IDC whitepaper, Companies Achieve Significant ROI Using Fair Isaac Blaze Advisor, June 2003. Survey sponsored by Fair Isaac.